Education Qualifications, Exams, Physical Requirements, Types and Stages of Bharti Police


How to join the police | How to become a policeman

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How to reach the police: Be a Police Officer, having this uniform and solving cases sounds fascinating to many of us. Those who become police officers often say that there is no such thing as serving your city/country.

Do you also wonder what it’s like to be in that police uniform or how to join the police? Do you also aspire to become a police officer in India? If any of these or related questions cross your mind about a career in the police, read on to find out how to join the police – all about the process, eligibility, types and other details.

Being a police officer isn’t just about passing an exam and knowing law and order. It is much more than that and ideally has its roots in the school education system. To become a police personnel in India, one must study at least till class 12. Once you pass 10+2, your first door to become a police officer has opened. Let’s take a look at the process.

How to Join the Police in India – All You Need to Know

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Many aspire to join the police, while aspiring to a certain position like sub-inspector, DSP or maybe even chief of police. Before opting for this career path, one should understand and know the possible routes and how to get there.

Recruitment to become a police officer can largely be divided into 2 ways – how to join the police after 12 and how to join the police after graduation. Let’s understand in detail.

Police Credits - iStock
Gendarmerie, Credits – iStock

How To Become A Police Officer – Job Types/Roles

  1. Policeman: The lowest rank in the police department is that of police officer. Primary duties include performing day-to-day duties assigned by police superiors.
  2. Police chief : A relatively higher rank than constable (in practice), the chief of police assists the sub-inspector and carries out his duties.
  3. Assistant Sub-Inspector (ASI): This rank is considered higher than that of a chief of police but lower than that of a sub-inspector. With promotions, ASIs often become SIs.
  4. Deputy Inspector of Police (SI): The Police SI is the rank that can now execute the filing of an indictment. Although among the lower ranks, a sub-inspector is usually the first investigator in a case.
  5. Deputy Inspector of Police: The assistant inspector of police has a higher rank than a sub-inspector. In the event that the chief inspector in charge is not at the station, the officer of that rank takes responsibility for the police station.
  6. Police inspector : The inspector is the officer in charge of the police station of an area/locality.
  7. Deputy Superintendent of Police (DSP), Deputy Commissioner: This rank in the police is considered one of the highest positions. Individuals recruited for this position must sit for Union Civil Service Commission, UPSC exams.
  8. Superintendent of Police (SP), Additional Superintendent of Police (ASP): The officer in this position is in charge if a larger area and is usually recruited from the UPSC.

How to Join the Police – Top Recruitment Exams to Pass

  1. UPSC Civil Service Examination or UPSC CSE: Considered as one of the most difficult and prestigious exams, candidates aspiring to join the Indian Police Service, IPS or become IPS officers must pass the UPSC Civil Service Examination. Those who pass the exam usually obtain high-ranking positions in the police force.
  2. State Recruitment Examinations or SPSC Examinations: Each state has its own Civil Service Commission. These commissions usually organize various examinations for recruitment into the police. Candidates who clean up the papers are recruited for positions in the respective State Department Police.
  3. Constable SSC GD Examination: The Personnel Selection Commission GD Constable is another exam that is considered very prestigious and often thousands of people apply for it.
  4. CAPF UPSC: UPSC also organizes the CAPF exam. Candidates who pass this exam are recruited into the country’s special forces.

All these recruitment competitions take place in several stages. These stages are – the preliminary examination, the main examination and the round of interviews. It should be noted that for each recruitment, the selection criteria may vary and official notifications should be checked before applying.

How to join the police after the 12th

Completing your Class 12 is the most basic educational qualification needed to become a police officer. Often, if one chooses to join the police after the 12th, instead of opting for an undergraduate course, he is eligible for the positions of Constable and Chief of Police.

Job name Eligibility Basic Recruitment Examination
Constable Have passed class 12 and be at least 18 and at most 25 years old State-Organized Recruitment Examination
chief of police Have passed class 12 and be at least 18 and at most 25 years old State-Organized Recruitment Examination

How to Join the Police after Graduation – Explained

After graduating, you now have more options to join the police. You can now apply for various recruitment exams and also aspire for higher ranks.

Job name Basic Recruitment Examination
DSP/Deputy Commissioner UPSC CSE (IPS)
sub-inspector Personnel selection board or body conducting state examinations
Assistant Sub-Inspector Examination/State Recruitment Agency or Personnel Selection Board

Becoming a Police Officer – Physical Requirements

Becoming a police officer is not just about passing a recruitment exam. Applicants even have to meet certain criteria when it comes to standard physical tests. Often height, weight and many other things are checked for different ranks. Take a look at the general physical requirements for police forces.

Police Physical Training Credits - iStock
Police physical training, Credits – iStock

(Please note that these are general requirements only and subject to change. Different police force ranks and different exams should have different requirements. Details should be checked from official notifications before applying)

  1. Height: Applicants identifying as male must be 165cm tall, for females the requirement is 150cm. Some height relaxation is also granted under various conditions. (T&C apply)
  2. Chest: For male applicants, the minimum chest circumference should be 84cm, while for females it should be 79cm.

Some conditions are also there for the view. They should be checked from the particular recruitment notification. Apart from these requirements, candidates must also perform physical activities such as running, rope climbing, and others.

So, joining the police may seem easy, but becoming a police officer is not. It takes a lot of strength, stamina and dedication to be part of the police force in India.


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